On Dec. 23, 2019, the Minor Edition had been able to get the full collection from a sales agent of the theft and broadcasting. On December 27, 2019, after paying the``fee'' , a small editor entered a pirated resource transmission WeChat Group, trying to understand the process of obtaining, storing, and distributing them.


\"They are familiar with the industry, and the upstream and downstream industrial chains are more mature. Industry person han da (alias) said the short-term piracy of dramas, novels are unlikely to be completely eliminated. As long as there is demand, the gray industry will continue.


Zhao zhanling, a lawyer at beijing law firm zhilin, said piracy of tv dramas and novels:\" this kind of behavior involves civil infringement first, and if the amount of illegal income of the perpetrator is large or has other serious circumstances, it is also suspected of constituting a crime of infringing copyright.\"


As of December 30,2019, the TV series \"Celebration of the Year\" scored in Douban, ranking second in Tencent Video's popular list of mainland TV dramas. Network film and television media data platform bone data show, as of december 30,\" qing yu year \"the whole network of popularity reached, far more than the same period broadcast\" jittery huating \"sword dynasty\" and other ancient drama.


On December 23,2019, the relevant personnel of the copyright monitoring center platform of the China Copyright Association told the small editor:\" At present, the number of stolen broadcast chains has reached 40,000. And according to the \"qing yu nian\" official micro statement, the current official legal authorization platform only tencent video and iqiyi.


Not only the TV series, but also the piracy of \"Qing Yu Nian\" novels began to spread on the Internet. The novel \"qing yu nian\" was first published in the chinese language group's starting point, the author is a cat. In the mainstream search engine search \"qing yu txt \"(that is, the text version of\" qing yu nian \"novel), the link is also as many as 12.1 million.


\"The publishing platform of the original version of\" Qing Yu Nian \"novel includes starting point Chinese net, QQ reading and WeChat reading,\" China Literature Group related people said. In addition, China Literature signing authorization platform can see, background unified interface, there are more than 50 channels. Thus, a large number of search results on the Internet may be pirated links.


The reason why the issue of piracy of \"qing yu nian\" novel has attracted the industry's attention again recently is that it has a long history of online piracy, especially representative works such as \"qing yu nian \", followed by the rapid rise in popularity of\" qing yu nian \"original works, which also led to the intensification of the recent piracy of this book,\" industry sources told xiao:\" the\" qing yu nian \".


Internet TV industry personnel Han Da (pseudonym) told small editor, the thief is actually the equivalent of low-cost to get traffic, and then to sell this part of the traffic, so profit.


Han explains that stealing a play is divided into three main stages: getting the source, storing and distributing it.\" In terms of getting the source, they may go to the original website to download the format or record the screen.\"


Wu Xia(alias), an in-the-art program editor, told the minor editor:``Before the video and TV show resources are launched, they usually need to be edited and sent back and sent back and forth. ``.


As for storage, Mr Han said:\" This is relatively flexible, mainly site storage. or use a third party website for storage. Moreover, there is little risk of having a cloud disk, because they don't spread much, because it's too much, and it's definitely going to cause concern.\"


The last stage is distribution. \"The main distribution platform is the public number, they will have a website of their own. then they will send the website link on the public number. In short, basically will also be in the flow comparison gathering place can form the platform. So most may still be on social media and then spread.\" Han said.


Small editor \"latent\" WeChat group,\" join \"threshold over 100 yuan, group owners will release a large number of popular drama resources. Including the full version of the \"qing yu nian \", but also with the network broadcast progress of the\" daming feng hua \"and so on.


Moreover, they don't mind the second-time resale of resources for \"membership \". In the official authorization platform \"qing yu nian\" is still more than 10 episodes have not been broadcast, the aforementioned wechat group to the full edition of \"qing yu nian\" price is yuan \/ set.


Small editor latent this wechat group, is a 500 people \"resources group \", from time to time someone in the pirated film and television drama cloud link and extract password, from time to time will have a new\" agent \"into the group.


\"I've also known a number of agencies that specialize in combating piracy, and they've had a limited impact,\"he said. They usually send a lawyer's letter, after the other party receives, may shut down the website, the video off shelves and so on, often only cures the root cause.\"


According to mr. wu, the profit model of the bootleg organization is roughly divided into three parts, one is to sell resources, the other is to charge \"dues\" for new agents, and the second is to place patch ads in the video before and after implantation.


The agent of the above-mentioned wechat group introduces that the acquisition of pirated resources for film and television dramas is divided into two methods, on the one hand, in the public number, website self-search, on the other hand, the group that joins will directly provide web link. As for the storage of resources, the agent said, mainly stored in different cloud disks.


According to the copyright monitoring center of the china copyright association, there are 16768 links to \"i am not the god of medicine\" and 30103 links to \"death row 2\". Previously, the popular television series \"dear, love \", such as\" love \"has been stolen broadcast.


Back in 2017, the 55-episode video of the TV series \"The People's Name\" went viral on the Internet, with the \"sample for review\" tag on the video at the time, and the timing function wasn't there.


On the issue of \"Qingyu\" TV series and the rights protection of online text piracy, China Literature Group related personnel said:\" first of all, the rights of film and television drama,\" Qingyu \"the film and television adaptation of the right to sell, China Literature Group is the transfer of rights. That is, the current infringement of video content, only the relevant video platform has the right to do. The second is the rights of the novel, our current rights are selected for the editorial side of the key works of the library. \"Celebration Year\" is a work of Curry, we will rely on this batch of works to search, check, and then report to the relevant departments for processing. \".


The National Copyright Administration's official website shows that the National Copyright Administration has launched a \"Swordnet\" campaign to crack down on Internet piracy for 15 consecutive years, and has made the order of film and television copyright a key target. At the same time, the National Copyright Administration also implemented the key supervision of network video, on-demand cinema special renovation, film and television works protection and early warning measures.


Zhao Zhanling, a lawyer at Beijing's Zhilin law firm, said:\" This kind of behavior involves civil infringement first, and if the amount of illegal income of the perpetrator is large or has other serious circumstances, it is also suspected of constituting a crime of infringement of copyright. According to the judicial interpretation,'the amount of illegal income is large' means that the amount of illegal income of an individual is more than 20,000 yuan and the amount of illegal income of a unit is more than 100,000 yuan;'There are other serious circumstances'means that:(1) the amount of illegal business operation of an individual is over 100,000 yuan and the amount of illegal business operation of an unit is more than 500,000 yuan;(3) the total number of reproductions is more than 5 Zhang.


The online drama \"qing yu nian\" caught fire, not only because of the male frequency \"cool drama \"(male perspective or the main audience for men's work), but also because of the show has been paid ahead of demand and piracy and other problems, frequently on the hot search.


In order to meet the needs of different viewers, video sites offer \"lead-on-demand\" privileges, or VVIP, to users, including VIPs, at a price of 3 yuan per episode, during the broadcast period. If the user spends 50 yuan, you can enjoy the privilege of watching 6 episodes more than VIP members all the time.


There is also a heated debate about piracy. On the day of the premiere,30 minutes after the original video was broadcast, pirated video appeared, and can see the full 46 episodes at a time.


Piracy has always been an unsolved problem in the film and television industry. \"The name of the people \",\" Yanxi introduction \",\" Dear Love,\" and so on, these years of popular drama, have also been pirated experience. Despite spending tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands of dollars a month on defending against piracy, a film director told the editor.


Li lyn's company specializes in defending the film and television productions against piracy, but admits that the current technology is limited to deleting piracy and slowing its spread after it is discovered, and does not fundamentally eliminate piracy.


On the other hand, the film and television piracy industry has formed a complete industrial chain from upstream copy source to downstream distribution sales. Theft, distribution, dissemination, each link division of labor is clear, and can be cleverly evaded regulation. In recent years, a new situation has emerged, and the continued transfer of pirated content abroad has made it more difficult to crack down.


She spent a weekend making up the progress of the exclusive series, but still felt unfinished. The video website shows that the next episode has been updated, but unlocking requires an additional $3 or a total of $50\" surcharge \"on a membership basis.


Chen Ke is puzzled, and feel that the charge is too expensive, but she is very want to know the next step of the plot, or finally entangled in the cost of 50 yuan. Soon, however, she found that the piracy of \"qing yu nian\" has become widespread online.


30 yuan to see the pirated complete collection, she held back, after all, she just spent 50 yuan, can no longer be impulsive. She couldn't help it until a link to the free full series was posted in the WeChat group. At the same time, she also felt that her 50 yuan was too wronged, she complained to the small editor - the video site's own extra charge, but also cannot prevent piracy.


Although she doesn't think piracy should be supported, she feels she has spent money on the video site and has to wait until January 1 to see the end,\" too much to lose.\" Those around who see piracy are already discussing the plot and finale. So she joined the pirates and shared the link with several friends.


Li said that the \"qing yu nian\" in the first edition of the air soon after the release of the full episode, but also high-definition, relatively rare. That's largely because the show is so popular that pirate distributors feel unprecedented business opportunities.


Previously, leaks have been frequent in both popular movies and TV shows. When the ip drama \"chen qing ling\" advanced on demand, recording and broadcast finale resources circulated on social media and e-commerce platforms, someone publicly sold a high-definition version, yuan can watch the full episode. The same big hit drama,\" The Jubilee Strategy,\" was stolen last year by a big video site in Vietnam, ZingTV. Users cannot only see synchronous updates, but also watch 9 episodes in advance, and can view them by downloading them. This also directly led to the Vietnamese version of the early broadcast of the series, in the domestic way to share resources.


As soon as eight domestic films, such as \"Wandering the Earth\" were released in 2019, high-definition pirated resources appeared on the Internet. According to incomplete statistics, box office losses and legitimate video platform losses of about 100 million yuan.


National Day 2019,\" I and my country \",\" Captain China \"and other films also appeared in thousands of large and small websites. According to the 12426 copyright monitoring center, four national day films, including \"me and my country\" and \"china captain \", monitored a total of ten thousand pirated links between september 29 and october 17,2019.


If you want to find one thing in common for movies and TV shows that have been pirated, it is that they are all very popular, and the fire means that those who work in piracy are profitable.


In its early days on iqiyi and tencent,\" qing yu nian \"was scheduled to update two episodes every tuesday and wednesday, four episodes a week, and paying vips for the two major video sites could see six more than free users. When piracy first appeared, piracy was free to see two more episodes than vip, and officials had to add it to a total of six from monday to wednesday. And if you pay 30 yuan to pirated websites, you can watch the complete episode directly.


A total of 46 episodes of \"qing yu nian\" show, members after almost 2 months to complete. Many people have to pay for members to know the story in advance. Someone has counted a bill, and in July 2015, when \"Tomb Theft Notes\" was broadcast alone on iqiyi, iqiyi added 2.5 million members, bringing in 37.5 million if calculated at a monthly membership fee of $15 per person. In the wake of piracy, the revenues of members and advertising on video sites have been damaged, and the money has fallen into the hands of pirates.


First of all, all piracy comes from the original source, so getting the source is the most important and crucial step. Theoretically, from the production, distribution to play, the source of the film is likely to leak. And the source of the film may also be from any of these links leaked out.


\"Many producers don't have their own computer room, and video clips are outsourced to specialized editing companies. When the clip is complete, the company will copy different hard drives, such as those for review, overseas distribution, television or video sites, as required. According to different requirements, the editor will add different watermarks to the film, such as \"sample for review \". Before that, he explains, copies of the pieces were given to the seller, and the producer copied a completely unstamped version that was technically available. \"Although the seller and the producer will sign a non-disclosure agreement, the editor cannot be completely constrained.\"


This is the first step out of the source and belongs to the internal leak. When it comes to distribution, Li says the risk of leaking the source is greater than that of internal leaks. Because the producer will add a certain amount of anti-theft watermark before distributing the source. Some of the pirated videos that have been circulated in the past have been watermarked by a distribution channel. For example, the online drama \"dear love \", starring li xian and yang zi, soon began to spread a free full series on the network, revealing the video screenshots with\" only for xx tv access \".


In order to facilitate transmission and viewing, the pirate side will store the resources on a web disk or on a foreign server, and then spread and sell them through a large distribution network. According to the 12426 copyright monitoring center's report on film copyrights for the 2019 National Day,97 percent of pirated links come from social media and various small sites. In addition to pirated film and television sites and social media, the distribution chain includes pirated film and television app and offline distribution.


Another insider told Xiaobian that most of these small and medium-sized websites are personally owned. \"There are usually two ways these sites are going to play, one is to put a Thunderseed directly for you to download and the other is to play it online. Profits are so simple and crude that they either sell the pirated resource directly or collect money through the site's patches and ads. The editor opened one of the pirated sites, adding ads for a gambling website to the video.


And that part of the resources that are placed on the web are usually distributed through a tier 1 pirated film and television drama resource agency that is distributed in every corner of the social network. The most common channels of social distribution are Weibo, QQ, WeChat and post bar. Agents at all levels through community messages to attract potential consumers, such as in the popular film and television drama under the official Weibo message, and then through WeChat to reach a deal. And through the WeChat search function, you can also see a lot of public numbers to share pirated video.


A person engaged in the distribution of pirated film and television drama, to small editor to show her a number of film and television resources sales group, only need to spend yuan to join wechat group, the group will share the latest updated film and television drama, through the form of web disk and password, to share with group friends. the distributor told xiaobian that it only takes 1999 yuan to become their senior partner. In addition to the sale of film and television resources, but also to undertake to brush orders, to help micro-quotient clear goods and other \"money-making projects.\"


Baidu net disk is also a more commonly used means of piracy sharing. Piraters can upload pirated resources to Baidu and share links to other platforms for dissemination. However, recently, Haidian court sentenced Youku sued Baidu for infringement of its work information network dissemination rights dispute. The court awarded Baidu 1 million yuan in compensation for economic losses and 30,000 yuan for reasonable expenses. This means that Baidu in the future in the net disk products to shoulder more anti-piracy responsibility.


In general, movies are pre-encrypted in theaters, and the screeners need to get the keys to get a normal screening. During the validity of the key, cinema staff can copy the film to other media, Li said. Some will be recorded through the way the audience see the gun version of the low-level recording screen. Li Lin mentioned that the recording hardware can now record very high-definition video, can achieve high imitation of the original effect.


And the rifle version is very simple, as long as a rear shelf in the cinema can be a machine. At the same time, some people will take advantage of the movie's time difference. Marvel movies, for example, are usually released in North America a few months earlier than in the country. In this time-lag, pirates can sell piracy to users at home who are eager to see the film.


\"As long as pirated resources come out, it's basically impossible to put an end to it, with one that can replicate countless. We can only find a way to stop piracy and slow it down. said Li Lin.


To this end, they will cooperate with Baidu net disk, Weibo, Thunderbolt and other platforms, through technical means to remove some pirated resources. It also contacts small and medium-sized sites that actively disseminate pirated resources. \"Some people are also willing to cooperate with the deletion, really do not cooperate with the only legal means to resolve.\"


The founder of another company offering such services also told the editor about the difficulty of eliminating piracy. The main reason is that it is difficult to trace back to the source, followed by pirated film and television people are constantly upgrading the means to avoid risk. According to the 12426 copyright monitoring center,78% of the pirated resources of the four popular films in this year's national holiday are stored overseas.


\"In recent years, one obvious change that can be felt is that the content of the infringement is constantly moving overseas.\" said he. \"In a simple analogy, the site is located in country A, the pirated media is stored in country B, the content of the pirated work comes from country C, then it is directed to users in country D, and the operator may come from country E. In this way, a pirate industry chain covers at least five countries or regions, and the difficulty of tracing and pursuing responsibility is self-evident.


But blocking the piracy industry chain is not helpless. In March 2019, public security authorities cracked a number of cases of film and television infringement and piracy. Among them,\" mahua film and television \"app is the spring festival film rights-holders most strongly reflected, the largest amount of infringement broadcast platform, registered more than 1 million users, the spring festival film infringement of 10,000 hits during the spring festival.


The \"mahua film and television\" app's server is located overseas, in the domestic false registration of shell companies, the actual office location and responsible for operation management, technical maintenance and other major members are overseas, in the domestic employment of personnel through WeChat, QQ and other social platforms to promote. China propaganda film quality inspection institute through the \"hemp film and television\" app on the eight hd pirated film watermark monitoring found a leak.


Industry insiders also said the industry is also coordinating other countries and regions, is promoting a global monitoring network. Some companies are also promoting the development of film and television block chain technology, but these entrepreneurs said that these technical means are still in the trial stage, has not really landed.