The last feudal dynasty in the history of the Qing Dynasty, although the Westernization Movement, led by \"Li Hongzhang, Zeng Guofan, Zhang Zhidong, Zuo Zongtang\" and the Westernization Movement, attempted to save the crumbling late Qing Dynasty through the Westernization Movement, but this series of movements eventually fell into the hands of Empress Dowager Cixi. Empress Dowager Cixi believed that the Qing Dynasty was the country of the Tian Dynasty.
In May 1900, Russia, Britain, France, the United States, Germany, Italy, Austria and Japan joined forces to assemble troops around Tianjin despite the German opposition of the Qing government. In mid-June, they marched to Beijing on the grounds of the Qing government's campaign against justice and evil
On June 21, the Qing government declared war on the Allies of the Eight Countries, but then the Allies of the Eight Countries had not paid tribute every year before, and they wanted to make good friends with our country. They were burning and looting everywhere, making the people miserable, because they had undergone reform and the military industry was more developed, and the guns were in their hands.
On August 7,1900, the eight-nation coalition forces approached Beijing, Empress Dowager Cixi appointed Li Hongzhang as the representative of the late Qing Dynasty and the eight-nation coalition forces for talks, and in mid-August, the eight-nation coalition forces invaded Beijing, when Empress Dowager Cixi, the supreme leader of the late Qing Dynasty, feared that the eight-nation coalition forces were against him and fled in a hurry when the eight-nation coalition forces entered Beijing.
In the face of the Qiuhe in the Qing Dynasty, the eight-nation coalition forces reacted differently, and Russia wanted the late Qing Dynasty to admit its legalization in the three eastern provinces and to annex the three eastern provinces, while other countries wanted to get more benefits, while Empress Dowager Dowager Dowager Cixi, in order to preserve herself, blamed Zaiyi on the declaration of war on the eight-nation coalition forces, and made the eight-state coalition forces feel that Cixi was still obedient, and then publicly expressed its support for Empress Dowager Dowager Dowager Dowager Cixi, fearing that if she was abandoned, there would be no opportunity to blackmail the government and possibly
As a result,11 countries (plus the previous Allies of the Eight and Belgium, Spain and the Netherlands) submitted 12 articles of the Protocol and Outline to the Qing Dynasty, which fully accepted them in the late Qing Dynasty, and on the 7th of 19019, the late Qing Dynasty and the Allies of the Eight signed the Treaty of Shame on the Nation
In addition to the treaty of apology, cutting land, and so on, the treaty pointed out that the Qing government compensation 450 million silver, the Qing government at that time is already teetering, where there is so much silver, the Qing government only in all parts of the country, so that the people in distress at that time.
Therefore, the people of all parts of the country have realized that if they do not carry out reform and innovation, they will be bullied and humiliated by the Western powers.Under Sun Yat-sen's leadership, the uprisings in different parts of the country began, and the Qing government was no longer popular at this time. On February 12,1912, the Emperor Xuantong of the Qing Dynasty announced his abdication, and the feudal society of more than 2,000 years in China declared disintegration, which also marked the beginning of China from ancient times to modern times
However, despite the death of the Qing Dynasty, the warlords separated, the people of all parts of the country were already in dire straits, and after a long struggle, they finally succeeded under the leadership of the Communist Party, and the treaties left by the Qing Dynasty naturally ceased to exist. According to statistics, in the treaties signed in the late Qing Dynasty, a total of 200 million yuan in compensation and 200 million yuan in interest were actually paid, accounting for only 200 million yuan, or 58 percent of the total
Of course, these compensations were signed by the Qing government, and should be compensated by the Qing government, and the unified China will never recognize these treaties signed by the Qing government, and now China is not the former Qing government, people live and work in peace and contentment, become the second largest economy in the world, and no country dares to bully China, the Chinese people have stood up, the country is making progress, and we will make continuous progress